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Only nine years old when his father, King John, died, Henry was the first English monarch to be crowned while still a child. Upon reaching adulthood, his indifference to tradition and lack of effective ruling ability resulted in the barons forcing him to agree to a series of reforms known as the Provisions of Oxford. Later, when he refused to implement the provisions, a revolt resulted and he was captured by Simon de Montfort at the Battle of Lewes. Henry was restored to the throne when de Montfort was defeated by Henry’s son Edward at the Battle of Evesham over a year later.

Henry was our 24GGF. I got this portrait (and the text above) from Medieval History; they acknowledge Cassell’s History of England - Century Edition, published c. 1902, as their public-domain source for the image.

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